Engelsk grammatik

-English Grammar



Det & it  Objekt med pp  Prepositioner  Pronomen  som  Spooning  Verb

 

Vad roligt att äntligen få lära sig hur det skall vara!

 

 

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Never forget the fact that learning a language is just like building a house. If you're old enough to know what a house is like in general terms, you're also old enough to know where to start, right? Yes, you start by building a very good and solid foundation. Anything else is simply a waste of time and money, not to mention wits...

 

 

 

In this section you will find a number of language exercises, articles and links to pages and sites covering the various grammar and vocabulary topics most oftenly confusing or difficult to both Scandinavians (Swedes, Norwegians & Danes) and Anglo-Saxons
(Anglo-Saxons= people from the English-speaking countries Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zeeland, the United Kingdom and the U.S.A.).

 

På den här sidan samt underordnade sidor så kommer du att finna ett antal språkövningar, förklarande och beskrivande textstycken, sidor och artiklar [samt länkar till olika sidor och "sajter" som behandlar de olika grammatikregler och aspekter som så ofta skapar problem för både skandinaver och människor från den s.k. "anglosaxiska världen"
(Anglosaxiska världen= Australien, Storbritannien, Canada, Irland, Nya Zeeland och U.S.A.).

Our grammar will be focusing on verbs, prepositions and related matters and the vocabulary will vary from general everyday matters to areas of concern to us all such as food (foods, cooking, eating & recipes), money (business & financce & shopping), logistics, cars and computers.

Vår grammatik kommer att koncentreras på verb och prepositioner, och ordförrådet kommer att variera mellan vardagliga företeelser och ämnesområden som berör oss alla såsom mat (matvaror, matlagning, ätande och matrecept), pengar (affärer & finans & ekonomi & att handla i affärer), bilar och datorer.


There'll be a growing number of interactive language exercises, quizzes and tests for both those who speak Swedish and those who speak English.

Språkövningar för både svensktalande och engelsktalande, tillika med tester och prov av olika slag, kommer successivt att fyllas på "under" den här sidan, och många kommer att vara interaktiva.


The spelling of English words is very inconsistent.

Words of one syllable ending in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel double the final consonant before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel.

hop - hopped, bat - batter, spin - spinning

Words of more than one syllable which are accented on the final syllabale and which end in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel double the final consonant before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel.

occur - occurred, admit - admitting

Words ending in 'y' preceded by a consonant change the 'y' to 'i' before adding suffixes.

salary - salaries, marry - married, fancy - fanciful, merry - merriment, lonely - loneliness


NOTE When working in, or with, Swedish and English you must always be careful when dealing with verbforms such as progressive form and simple tense as differences here have major impact on meaning and interpretation of circumstances in question. The grammar aspect might not necessarily be the most crucial issue to consider unfortunately, which otherwise would have simplified the matter considerably.

-"He's drinking!"- = Han dricker (just nu). / "Kolla på honom!" Han dricker! (...och det brukar han aldrig göra annars!) / Han "tar sig en hutt" (...och det brukar han aldrig göra annars!). /Han är drickande.
-"She was dying when I arrived."- = Hon var döende då jag anlände./ Hon höll på att dö (...och bara just då) när jag kom. (...och kanske, tack vare att jag dök upp, så ordnade det hela upp sig och hon "hämtade sig"!)

NOTE Note that above examples contain elements of coincidence, an incident, an occasion, accident etc.
Below you'll find examples showing the opposite or extreme where something is terminated, finished, permanent, "beyond hope and will"!


-"He drinks."- = Han brukar dricka (jämt). /Han är vanedrickare. /Han super. / Han tittar för djupt i glasen (vanligtvis). /Han är "drinkare".

-"She died when I arrived."- = Hon dog när jag anlände (kom).
/ Hon avled när jag kom.




A Guide to Writing for College by Veritas Prep

Grammar Checker?




Ice cream, Sunday & sundae

En "sundae" är helt enkelt en glassefterrätt med frukt eller

fruktsaft iblandat, ofta dessutom försedd med vispgrädde och nötter.



Engelskan är ju konsekvent i detta avseende till skillnad från svenskan beträffande hantering av namn. Söndag likväl som mars och september och Kalle och Sigrid är ju alla namn, och skall också därmed ha stor bokstav. Så är alltid fallet i engelskan men tyvärr icke i svenskan där man använder liten bokstav på såväl dagsnamn, helger som månadsnamn.

 

Man kan uttala "Sunday" och "sundae" likadant så det blir ju den s.k. kontexten, sammanhanget, som avgör betydelsen. Som svensk kan man knappast påstå att detta skulle vara en oöverstiglig svårighet med uttryck som "Får får får?"  eller "Som man får man utstå vad man förtjänar." samt ett därmed förknippat språkligt dilemma som "Hästen har man!"

 

Nog kan språk synas outgrundliga, ibland...

 





Now spend a few minutes on your vocabulary and the word 'chip'(s).

Think of all the different variations in meaning you can come up with (translated into Swedish).

Put the word in context (Write sentences!). Define the word in each context.

What are the various meanings of the word chip/-s you can come up with?

Use both American and British dictionaries. Without the two you are likely to (you will) fail.

Goodbye, Mr. Chips by James Hilton (Paperback )
Our Price: $3.60 / Average Customer Review: 4.5 out of 5 stars

 

 

Is there such a thing as a chipmunk (chip-muck)? And what about a 'chip-shot', where I've heard some people confuse it with 'cheap shot'…? Numerable are those instances when it's been a question of trying to establish certainty as to whether or not somebody means 'who' or 'how'. I mean if someone asks you "How is it?" or "Who is it?" obviously might cause some confusion, especially if you're in a hectic business environment, or even worse, at an emergency ward.

Having said that, we're getting awfully close to all those pronunciation errors basically depending upon difficulties making a correct distinction between "sh-" and "ch-" leading to 'sheep' becoming 'cheap' or vice versa, and 'chip' and 'ship' will further complicate the issue. Stress of syllables not taken into consideration as in 'sheet' and 'shit'.

You've probably heard about the guy who came down to the reception desk of a hotel on the East Coast trying to get a clean sheet to his bed. The desk-clerk misinterpreted the whole story into the more embarrassing idea that the guest in question had simply "shit in his bed"…  

-In case that cactus stays (above this line), click your Refresh Button!












Funderar du på att skriva uppsats?

 

 

The English Pages


#Guide to Grammar and Writing
Contains definitions, suggestions, over 170 computer-graded quizzes, and a way to submit queries regarding grammar and usage. An award-winning Website from Capital Community College in Hartford

#Sentence Sense: A Writer's Guide
Written by Evelyn Farbman of Capital Community College and prepared for use on the Internet by Charles Darling. This online textbook in basic writing offers students three approaches to becoming more confident writers.


Här kan du se hur man rättar på engelska, med korrekturläsningssymboler, rättningsmarkeringar etc.

Some Online Aids on Proofreading and Editing


littera scripta manet The Composition Links The English Main Page The HyperTextBooks

The HyperTextBooks | The English Main Page | The Composition Links







Why English Teachers Are Important - A Story

This reminds me of a trip I made to Aspen many years ago. There was a woman at work who told me before I left that she would like me to send her a postcard from there, because she collected postcards.

This woman was in her forties at the time and was the original case of mutton dressed up as lamb.
When I got to Aspen, I found the perfect
card for her.
It read "Aspen - The weather is here, wish you were beautiful."
 After I sent it I felt a bit guilty but it was too late to do anything about it.

When I got back to Sydney this woman came up to me and said the postcard was one of the sweetest things anyone had ever done for her.
I couldn’t figure it out until I realised that she had
read it as "The weather is here, wish you were, beautiful."









Vill du bli duktig på engelska? Studerar du nu i det svenska gymnasiet eller i högskolan?
Prova i lugn och ro de olika länkarna på den här sidan.
Här finns mycket att lära och öva, saker som du aldrig kommer att finna i "den vanliga" undervisningen.











-You'd better shape up my  friend!




The English Clause - Details on writing proper English
Den engelska satsen - Information om hur man skriver korrekt engelska


The Clause: An Introduction
An introduction to the study of grammar and, more specifically to the study of the clause in English.



The Clause: Form and Function
Some exploration into the dual nature of grammatical structure — how language can be studied from the viewpoint of both form and function.



Verbs
A discussion of the verb function in the clause.











-You're talking, at last, but please speak up.

phoentics - fonetik, uttal & ljudlära



"What is Gramster ?


Gramster is a grammar package which helps you to improve your English using 40 grammatical points.
The software is also fully authorable.
The
pedagogical approach is modern and the subjects are related to the grammatical points which deal with daily life and today's citizen environment.

At the end of each level are 10 tests for reviewing and
evaluating the progress achieved.
The network version allows you to follow
your students' progress and can be used on a same site with an unlimited number of PCs!
The CD-ROMs are delivered with a study guide.
The students
can try all exercises (answers are provided). All explanations are in English (or in French), depending on the language you select."





What about other grammar aspects & parts such as adverbs?

Hur är det med skrivandet och skrivförmågan?

Vet du hur man egentligen skall skriva en mening, ett stycke, eller en hel berättelse?

A helpful review on writing Sentence Fragments for additional information on thoughts that cannot stand by themselves and sentences known as "stylistic fragments".
 See how various types of sentences, structurally, are defined, with examples etc...










Bibliography

1001 Pitfalls in English Grammar

Vincent Hopper, Professor of English, N.Y. Univ

Barron's Educational Series, Inc.

An Advanced English Grammar

Christophersen & Sandved

MACMILLAN & Co Ltd

Better English

R. Gee & C. Watson

Usborne Publishing Ltd

De engelska prepositionerna

Sverker Brorström

Esselte Studium

Engelska prepositionsboken

Stieg Hargevik

Esselte Ordbok

Engelska prepositionsövningar inkl facit

Stieg Hargevik

Studentlitteratur

Engelsk grammatik

Elfstrand & Gabrielson

Språkförlaget

Engelsk universitetsgrammatik

Jan Svartvik & Olof Sager

Esselte

English Grammar

Erlich & Murphy

McGraw-Hill Book Company

English Verb Conjugations

Vincent Hopper

Barron's Educational Series, Inc.

Hargeviks engelska grammatik

Stieg Hargevik & Christina Hargevik

Almqvist & Wiksell

Modern engelsk grammatik

Jan Svartvik & Olof Sager

Almqvist & Wiksell

The American College Dictionary

Random House, Inc.

The Oxford Guide to the English Language

Oxford University Press

The Oxford Universal Dictionary Illustrated

Oxford University Press




-Have you had it?




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