Här beskrivs svenskans ’som’ & engelskan

- i tillämpliga delar -

 

 

 








som  who-which-that  relativt pronomen tillbakasyftande  ersättningsord syftar på närmast föregående substantiv... MEG §2.34—39

H  §62-64, 66-67

E/G §140-151

EUG 245-259, 202 B

som  as                       konjunktion bindeord

 jämförelser,  jämförelsebisatser    

MEG §7.2 b

H §208

E/G §284, 289

EUG 374 A

som  as                       konjunktion  bindeord

tid    

MEG §7.2c

H §203

E/G §289

som       
som  as - like

"It looks like rain."

"She was as tall as her father."

"He was not so tall as his uncle."

"He ate like a horse."

   preposition

 ord som sätts före substantiv eller ing-form och bildar  prepositionsuttryck  

MEG §8.5

H  §221

       
som  "She doesn't know what goes on inside."

"I don't know what people live there."

'som'  utan motsvarighet i engelskan...       

Svenska ’som’ då det saknar motsvarighet i engelskan kan vara "rätt klurigt".

MEG §2.45,  §6.7 D (A?)

E/G §149, §289 Anm 5,  §32 Anm 1

EUG 215  C,  374, 239, 438 B

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

When translated (the following sentences) into Swedish, you should look for the word  'som':

 

"When in Rome do as the Romans do."

 

Some things are not as valuable as they appear to be.
(="All that glitters is not gold.")

 

What is pleasing to one person may not be pleasing to another.
("One man's gravy is another man's poison.")


"Nothing hurts like the truth."
(= It is painful to discover an unpleasant truth about oneself.)

 

"You reap what you sow."
(= The amount of effort you put into something determines how much you will get out of it.)

 

"Don't bite the hand that feeds you."
(= Don't hurt someone who takes care of you.)

 

"Clothes do not make the man."
(= A person should not be judged by the clothes he or she wears.)

 

"He who hesitates is lost."
(= A person who doesn't act decisively is unlikely to succeed.)


 

 

NB.

as good as gold, as well as, as much as;  adverb

as (= since, while, because, even,  for instance);   conjunction

as ( that, who, which: especially after 'such' and 'the same');  relative pronoun

as (in the role,  function, or status of = all so, quite so, quite as, as);   preposition


 

 

E/G = Elfstrand/Gabrielson

H  =  Hargeviks engelska grammatik

MEG = Modern engelsk grammatik, Svartvik-Sager

EUG = Engelsk universitetsgrammatik, Svartvik-Sager

 

 

 

 

-Right?